Psilocybin mushrooms are sometimes known as “psychedelic mushrooms,” “magic mushrooms,” or “shrooms.” More than 200 species of mushrooms contain psilocybin and psilocin, alkaloids that are classified as hallucinogens. More than a dozen grow wild in the United States. Consumption of psilocybin mushrooms may produce a variety of sensory experiences. Several species can be found in wooded areas in Texas while psilocybe cubensis can sometimes be found growing on cow manure or in well-fertilized lawns. This controlled substance is classified as a schedule I drug under the Texas controlled substance schedules.

Information on Mushrooms

Mushroom users typically dry the mushrooms and consume them by chewing and swallowing. Mushrooms can also be boiled in water to make a psychedelic “tea.”

A study by Johns Hopkins University concluded that the use of psilocybin for spiritual enlightenment produces a long-term increase in the sense of well-being and a decrease in anxiety and depression.

Evidence to the contrary notwithstanding, both the federal Drug Enforcement Administration and the Texas Department of Public Safety have classified psilocybin and psilocin as drugs that have a high potential for abuse and no medicinal value. They are classified as a Schedule I drug in the Texas Controlled Substance Schedules.

Penalties

All offenses in Texas involving psilocybin or psilocin, regardless of quantity, are classified as felonies. Penalties depend upon the crime and the quantity of the mushrooms involved in the crime.

Psilocybin and psilocin are both included in Penalty Group 2 of the Texas Controlled Substances Act. Consult our Penalty Group 2 article to learn about the penalties that apply to delivery, possession with intent to deliver, manufacturing, or possession of psilocybin mushrooms.